Wild Flowers

Today I photographed as many wild flowers as I could find in our garden.  The photos are below and as I find out more information about them I’ll write it beside them.  My finger features in most of them to indicate the size.

 

I’m reminded of these Bible verses from Matthew 6:28-34

“And why do you worry about clothes?  See how the flowers of the field grow.  They do not labour or spin.  Yet I tell you that not even Solomon in all his splendor was dressed like one of these.  If that is how God clothes the grass of the field, which is here today and tomorrow is thrown into the fire, will he not much more clothe you – you of little faith.  So do not worry, saying “What shall we eat?”   or “What shall we drink?”  or “What shall we wear?”  For the pagans run after all these things, and your heavely Father knows that you need them.   But seek first his kingdom and his righteousness and all these things will be given to you as well.  Therefore do not worry about tomorrow, for tomorrow will worry about itself.  Each day has enough trouble of its own.”

I pray that in all I do here on our small piece of land that I would not worry about food, drink or clothes, trusting that to God, but I woulld seek first  His kingdom and righteousness.

 

Update 14/08/15 – I’m grateful to botanist Elisha Emmanuel for his comment below identifying many of the flowers.  I have written his names beside the flowers.  

1

 01-Optimized

Galinsoga quadriradiata

The young leaves and stem can be cooked and eaten, or the leaves can be dried as a herb. Useful as animal forage too.

http://www.cabi.org/isc/datasheet/120145

2

 02-Optimized

3

 03-Optimized

Ageratum conyzoide

Also called goat weed, chick weed, this is an introduced species. It is very poisonous but can be used as an insecticide and nematicide.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ageratum_conyzoides

4

 04-Optimized

5

 06-Optimized

Bidens pilosa.

Common name: Cobblers peg

The tender shoots and leaves can be used as a vegetable, fresh or dried. Can also be applied on a fresh wound.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bidens_pilosa

6

 07-Optimized

Kyllinga bulbosa

Not much info out there on this one, its usually deemed a weed although has some medicinal uses, see:

http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/177052/0

7

 08-Optimized

Hyptis, solenostemon monostachyus

Hausa Tùmúƙùn bírí

These are commonly known as “bush mint” but I’m not sure that its very minty. However, it does repel mosquitoes so I intend to transplant a lot of it to near the house! It can be eaten as a herb and has some medicinal uses.

http://database.prota.org/PROTAhtml/Solenostemon%20monostachyus_En.htm

8

 09-Optimized

Lantana camara.

Common name: Lantana

Hausa Kímbár ̃máhàrbáá10

An invasive species originally spread from Central America. It is toxic to animals and is also allelopathic – it excretes chemicals which inhibit the growth of other species nearby. I did read somewhere that burying the leaves when you plant sweet potatoes repels weevils.

9

 10-Optimized

Euphorbia heterophylla  

Common name – fireplant or ponsietta,

Beautiful as an ornamental plant, very Christmassy! This plant is poisonous and reduces crop yields.

http://www.fao.org/agriculture/crops/thematic-sitemap/theme/biodiversity/weeds/listweeds/eup-het/en/

10

 11-Optimized

Cassia mimosoides

A legume, woohoo! (It adds nitrogen to the soil). It’s usually an annual. Can be planted with other crops to add nitrogen, also has some use as forage.

http://www.fao.org/ag/AGP/AGPC/doc/gbase/data/pf000013.htm

11

 12-Optimized

12

 13-Optimized

Aspilia ciliata

Not much info to be found on this

13

 16-Optimized

Gloriosa superbab,

Common name – flame lily

Isn’t it beautiful! Propogate it by dividing the rhizome. It is poisonous but has some medicinal uses.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gloriosa_superba

14

 17-Optimized

Waltheria indica

Common name – Sleepy morning

Hausa Yankufa

Some medicinal qualities

http://earthmedicineinstitute.com/more/library/medicinal-plants/waltheria-americana/

15

 18-Optimized

16

 19-Optimized

Emilia species

Don’t know exactly which one. Same family as sunflowers!

17

 20-Optimized

Chamaecrista rotundifolia

A fast covering, perennial, forage legume. Animals may prefer to eat it mature.

Round-leaf cassia can be used for open grazing, but also for hay and silage.

The nitrogen-fixing plant also acts as green fertilizer and has potential to increase crop yields either directly by increasing soil fertility or indirectly through application of higher quality manure from animals on farm land which eat the legumes.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chamaecrista_rotundifolia

18

 22-Optimized

19

20

 23-Optimized

Sida acuta

Common name – wire weed.

As the name suggests its very tough and can be used for roping. A very invasive weed that is not eaten by people or animals.

21

 24-Optimized

Oldelandia croymbosa

Young shoots and leaves are eaten. When cooked with other leaves they help to tenderise them.

http://tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Oldenlandia+corymbosa

22

 25-Optimized

Tridax procumbens.

Common name: coat buttons.

It attracts butterflies!! http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=160700.

Many medicinal uses https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tridax_procumbens

23

 26-Optimized

Emilia sonchifolia

The whole plant, flowers, leaves etc can be eaten raw or cooked. The flower heads are chewed and kept in the mouth for 10 minutes to prevent tooth decay.

http://www.pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Emilia+sonchifolia

24

 29-Optimized

Tephrosia pedicellata

legume?

25

 30-Optimized

Emilia species

sunchus – in the dandelion family.

26

 32-Optimized

Amaranthus sp.

Common name: While spinach

Hausa Aleyhu

Edible, a popular leaf in Nigeria.

27

 33-Optimized

Cosmos sulhureus

This grows all over my garden, its beautiful and colourful!

28

 34-Optimized

29

 35-Optimized

Zinnia  

A useful companion plant as they attract hummingbirds who eat whitefly.  Also attracts butterflies and honey bees.  Propogate through division.

30

 IMG_7249-Optimized

Clendendrum capitata

31

 IMG_7252-Optimized

Diodia

Pretty low ground covering plant that attracts bees and butterflies.

32

 IMG_7253-Optimized

Guizotia

hausa abamacha

Edible. Par boil, add ground kuli kuli, onions, spices, tomatoes etc to make a soup.

33

 IMG_7254-Optimized

Crotalaria

Hausa Báƙár ̃ bíí rááná

34

 IMG_7255-Optimized

Tephrosia

poisonous?

Legume?

35

 IMG_7256-Optimized

Another type of tephrosia

poisonous?

Legume?

Hausa names from http://www.rogerblench.info/Ethnoscience/Plants/General/Hausa%20plant%20names.pdf

Advertisements

3 thoughts on “Wild Flowers

  1. 1,14-Galinsoga quadriradiata
    3- Ageratum conyzoide
    5,6 Bidens pilosa. Common name: Cobblers peg
    8- Hyptis species
    9-Lantana camara. Common name: Lantana
    11- Cassia mimosoides
    13- Aspilia ciliata
    16-Gloriosa superbab
    17-Waltheria indica
    19- Emilia species
    20-Chamaecrista rotundifolia
    23-Sida acuta
    24- Oldelandia croymbosa
    26 Emilia sonchifolia
    27,10-Euphorbia heterophylla
    28,22- Bides pilosa
    29- Tephrosia pedicellata
    30- Emilia species
    31, 25-Tridax procumbens. Common name: coat buttons
    32- Amaranthus sp. Common name: While spinatch
    33-Cosmos sulhureus
    35- Zinnia

    Like

  2. Thanks so much for the information. I plan to ask a friend who studied botany about these native weeds and plants. If you have any friend or know of any student that syudied or is studying Botany at the university closest to you, you might be able to ask about the weeds and plants.

    Like

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s